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  • alfonso gambardella - page5

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  • alfonso gambardella - curriculum
    Journal of Development Economics Vol 65 1 pp 31 54 Arora A David P and Gambardella A 1998 Reputation and Competence in Publicly Funded Science Estimating the Effects on Research Group Productivity Les Annales d Economie et des Statistiques No 49 50 pp 163 198 Gambardella A and Torrisi S 1998 Does Technological Convergence Imply Convergence in Markets Evidence from the Electronics Industry Research Policy Vol 27 pp 445 463 Arora A Gambardella A and Rullani E 1997 Division of Labour and the Locus of Inventive Activity Journal of Management and Governance Vol 1 1 pp 123 140 Arora A and Gambardella A 1997 Public Policy Towards Science Picking Stars or Spreading the Wealth Revue d Economie Industrielle N 79 pp 63 75 Arora A and Gambardella A 1997 Domestic Markets and International Competitiveness Generic and Product Specific Competencies in the Engineering Sector Strategic Management Journal Vol 18 Summer Special Issue pp 53 74 Gambardella A e Garcia W 1996 Research Linkages through European Research Funding Economics of Innovation and New Technology Vol 4 pp 123 138 Arora A and Gambardella A 1994 The Changing Technology of Technical Change General and Abstract Knowledge and the Division of Innovative Labour Research Policy Vol 23 pp 523 532 12th most cited Research Policy Article in 1992 1999 See Research Policy December 1999 Special Issue Arora A and Gambardella A 1994 Evaluating Technological Information and Utilizing it Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization Vol 24 pp 91 114 Della Valle F and Gambardella A 1993 Biological Revolution and Strategy for Innovation in Pharmaceutical Companies R D Management Vol 23 4 pp 287 301 Winner of the Epton Prize for the Best 1993 Article in R D Management See R D Management 1994 Vol 24 3 pp 295 6 Gambardella A 1992 Competitive Advantages from In house Basic Research Research Policy Vol 21 pp 391 407 6th most cited Research Policy Article in 1992 1999 See Research Policy December 1999 Special Issue Arora A e Gambardella A 1990 Complementarity and External Linkages The Strategies of the Large Firms in Biotechnology Journal of Industrial Economics Vol XXXVIII N 4 June pp 361 379 Main Essays in Books Arora A and Gambardella A 2010 Markets for Technology in Hall B and Rosenberg N eds Handbook of Economics of Innovation Elsevier Amsterdam Cassiman B and Gambardella A 2009 Strategic Organization of R D in Nickerson J and Silverman B eds Economic Institutions of Strategy Emerald Press London Arora A Fosfuri A and Gambardella A 2006 Markets for Technology Panda s Thumbs Calypso Policies and Other Institutional Considerations in Antonelli C Foray D Hall B and Steinmueller W E eds New Frontiers in the Economics of Innovation and New Technology Essays in Honour of Paul A David Edward Elgar Cheltenham UK Arora A and Gambardella A 2006 Emerging Issues in the New Economy and Globalization in Bianchi P and Labory S eds Handbook of Industrial Policy Edward Elgar Cheltenham UK Arora A Fosfuri A and Gambardella A 2005

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  • alfonso gambardella - publications
    vs large firms With Ashish Arora Fabio Pammolli and Laura Magazzini I studied the relative performance in generating innovation by large and small firms We argue that the observed innovation output of large firms can be lower than small firms for strategic reasons even if large firms are technically more efficient innovators An innovation produced by a large firm may cannibalize some of its current products or it competes with other innovation that the firm has produced Thus the firm may only develop a subset of the innovations that it generates This problem is less severe in smaller firms If we judge the large firms ability to generate innovations from the innovations that they develop we may underestimate its capability of generating ideas Using data on biotech and large drug firms we show that if we control for this strategic selection large firms are more efficient at generating innovations than biotech firms Parallel vs large scale innovation projects With Raffaele Conti and Myriam Mariani Org Sci 2014 I show that a more experienced researcher produces more inventions per unit of time However experience produces myopia which implies that the individual invention of the less experienced inventor is more likely to be a breakthrough But who is more likely to produce a breakthrough in an interval of time We show that the order statistics effect dominates because the experienced inventor produces more inventions she is more likely to produce at least one breakthrough even if each invention that she produces is less likely to be a breakthrough We conclude that young inventors with fresh new ideas are more likely to produce breakthroughs when firms solicit specific projects Experienced inventors are instead superior when firms hire them to generate several ideas during their employment spell I am working on other projects that explore the conditions under which the order statistics effects associated with a higher number of independent trials raises innovation productivity For example this framework can help to understand when many independent entrepreneurial companies produce more innovations than fewer larger scale projects of larger firms 5 Autonomy as incentive to motivate human capital Claudio Panico is teaching me that firms can use the delegation of decision rights autonomy as a means to provide knowledge workers with incentives when firms cannot observe the workers effort and output With Giovanni Valentini we have developed a theoretical paper SMJ 2015 in which we show that firms provide knowledge worker with more autonomy if the firm s assets do not offer good incentives In 1926 Du Pont had no experience in basic research and hired Wallace Carothers who later discovered nylon To attract him Du Pont offered Carothers extensive autonomy Carothers was motivated by the possibility of performing the research that he was most interested in In contrast Thomas Edison lured many bright minds to work in his Invention Factory even if he was controlling every detail of their activities Working for Edison in a stimulating environment was already a great opportunity to carry out

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  • alfonso gambardella - research
    the period considered We conducted pilot tests We controlled for sample biases The Project was funded by the DG Science Technology of the European Commission Contract N HPV2 CT 2001 00013 We produced a collective paper signed by the 20 researchers involved in the project describing the methodology of the survey and summarizing the data See Giuri P Mariani M et al 2007 Inventors and Invention Processes in Europe Results from the PatVal EU Survey Research Policy Vol 36 8 pp 1107 1127 More details in the Final PatVal EU Report and its Annex I and Annex II Later we added patents surveyed from Denmark and Hungary PatVal EU II We completed a second PatVal EU survey Please check the link to our project for details The new survey was conducted in 2009 11 and covers both applied and granted EPO patents with priority date 2003 2005 It covers inventors located in 20 European countries DE FR UK AT BE CH DK ES FI IT NL SE CZ GR HU IE LU NO PL SI Israel the U S and Japan The questionnaire was offered in 10 languages and it was sent out to a sample of 124 134 inventors

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