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  • DIETAWEB
    una es que aumenta el contenido de colesterol en su membrana y la pared se endurece otros son que las LDL oxidadas que se depositan en la íntima forman unas sustancias que atraen los monocitos hacía el endotelio Estas sustancias son VCAM o Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecole ICAM o Intercellular Adhesion molecole MCSF Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor MCP 1 Monocyte Chemotactict Protein Los monocitos poseen un receptor especial el RECEPTOR SCAVENGER con el que engloban las LDL oxidadas o modificadas además no pueden metabolizar el colesterol y englobándolo se transforman en células esponjosas o foam cells completamente rellenas de grasa Además del receptor scavenger los monocitos y las células musculares contienen RECEPTORES PARA LAS HDL El transporte inverso del colesterol desde la periferia al hígado se efectúa a través de dichos receptores y la apoproteína A Cuando el transporte inverso del colesterol es insuficiente se acumulan los lípidos en los monocitos Los monocitos llenos de grasa se convierten en una verdadera fuente de radicales libres La lesión del 2 tipo está representada por las estrías grasas que aparecen ya en la infancia incluso en los recién nacidos hijos de mujeres afectadas de hipercolesterolemia Dichas estrías están formadas por acumulaciones de monocitos llenos de lípidos células musculares lisas y linfocitos T El estudio BOGALUSA HEART STUDY de 1986 ha demostrado de manera inequívoca que existe una relación directa entre las tasas de colesterol LDL del colesterol total y de la extensión de las estrías grasas presentes en la aorta La lesión del 3 tipo se caracteriza por la acumulación de grasas no sólo en el interior de las células sino también en los espacios extracelulares La lesión del 4 tipo se caracteriza por la aparición de células musculares lisas y por la formación de un núcleo de grasas La lesión del

    Original URL path: http://www.dietaweb.it/Spanish/fattori_rischioESP.html (2016-01-26)
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  • DIETAWEB
    graves lesiones de la arterioesclerosis humana hoy se puede decir que las lesiones realmente pueden experimentar regresiones Después de numerosos estudios Armsrtong Vesselinovitch Wisler Clarkson se ha establecido que la regresión es posible en los animales con concentraciones de colesterol por debajo de los 150mgr El problema de la difusión de la arterioesclerosis ya desde la infancia se infravalora citaremos un estudio realizado en la universidad de New Orleans en centenares de revisiones 691 personas desde su nacimiento hasta los 39 años realizados por el profesor Stary los resultados han indicado que en la cuarta década de vida en el hombre y en la mujer se dan lesiones graves 65 en los hombres y 57 en las mujeres En USA se han utilizado dietas que han demostrado que pueden hacer retroceder las lesiones se trata de dietas vegetarianas integradas con algunos alimentos animales CENTELLOGRAFÍA MIOCÁRDICA AL INICIO Y DESPUÉS DE UN AÑO DE DIETA SEVERA Queremos citar algunos estudios acerca de la regresión de las placas arterioescleróticas Uno de los más conocidos es el estudio CLAS 1 realizado en 162 pacientes de los cuales el 50 estaba tratado con dieta fármacos después de 2 años en el grupo tratado con dieta fármacos se ha observado una disminución de la progresión de las placas y su regresión El estudio CLAS 2 ha seguido 101 pacientes durante 4 años también este estudio ha demostrado regresión de las placas En el estudio FATS realizado con 120 pacientes durante 2 5 años y ha observado en los pacientes tratados una reducción de la progresión de las placas y su regresión En el estudio SCOR realizado con 72 pacientes hombres y mujeres siguiéndolos durante 2 1 años se ha observado en todos después de este período de dieta y de cura la reducción de la

    Original URL path: http://www.dietaweb.it/Spanish/regr_artESP.html (2016-01-26)
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  • DIETAWEB
    una dieta con una relación sodio potasio de 1 a 16 la actual es de 1 a 0 7 La dieta del paleolítico era rica de alimentos crudos rica de antioxidantes y vitaminas y fibras muy pobres en grasas La dieta moderna es rica en sodio y grasas es rica en alimentos refinados y cocidos alimentos conservados pobres en fibras y vitaminas esta dieta equivocada provoca las enfermedades del bienestar

    Original URL path: http://www.dietaweb.it/Spanish/dieta_paleoESP.html (2016-01-26)
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  • DIETAWEB
    0 Alcool 7 5 52 90 33 50 0 0 234 279 40 52 45 53 570 10 541 00 301 60 387 Leche y derivados Yoghurt desnatado Leche desnatada en polvo Leche descremada Leche materno Leche de vaca Bel Paese Caciocavallo Gorgonzola Mozarela Parmesano Manchego Stracchino Provolone Requesón Emmental Roquefort Yocca Filadelfia 5 2 54 4 8 6 5 4 94 1 74 TR 2 22 TR 2 TR TR 1 28 2 00 2 1 3 1 3 4 35 6 3 5 2 01 3 30 20 88 26 70 19 63 19 80 36 3 26 30 22 10 34 10 12 10 28 6 21 7 13 11 1 7 1 0 07 3 8 4 01 25 50 31 15 28 00 15 20 27 4 33 26 40 37 10 32 70 31 3 33 2 5 33 50 370 35 62 65 319 98 387 15 339 40 216 400 402 20 326 475 42 350 70 404 390 110 360 Condimentos Aceite de maíz Mantequilla Tocino Aceite de oliva 1 Huevo gr 45 1 Yema gr 16 1 Clara gr 29 Margarina 0 1 05 0 0 0 25 0 08 0 17 0 4 0 0 81 0 0 5 65 2 58 3 07 0 6 99 9 83 45 97 30 130 5 45 5 02 0 43 81 883 758 49 875 70 884 72 65 55 82 16 83 728 Denominación Azúcares gr Proteínas gr Grasas gr Calorías Verduras y legumbres Brécoles Acelgas Alcachofas Zanahorias Coliflores Coles Garbanzos secos Pepinos Cebollas nuevas Judías verdes Judías secas Habas frescas Habas secas Hinojos Setas frescas Lechuga Lentejas secas Berenjenas Pimientos Guisantes frescos Tomates en ensalada Rábanos Apio Espinacas Calabaza amarilla Calabacines Nabos Remolacha roja 4 8 3 93 6 72 9 58 4 55 4 70 49 86 2 93 5 64 2 20 48 24 3 89 52 92 0 71 4 36 2 88 50 13 3 10 3 19 14 21 4 13 2 44 0 83 3 59 1 85 2 14 6 8 9 1 1 2 04 2 59 1 03 2 48 1 60 21 75 1 09 0 96 2 11 23 56 5 39 21 31 0 97 5 15 1 19 25 02 1 23 1 17 7 45 1 20 0 86 2 60 3 77 0 38 1 7 1 1 1 6 0 2 0 17 0 0 33 0 34 0 10 4 97 0 11 0 0 2 47 0 3 07 0 0 30 0 38 2 54 0 0 0 47 0 0 0 0 65 0 0 11 0 2 0 1 29 25 41 37 24 45 41 31 18 26 10 331 17 17 07 26 40 17 24 309 43 37 12 324 55 6 72 40 74 19 70 323 46 17 32 17 44 90 87 21 64 13 20 13 72 35 29 8

    Original URL path: http://www.dietaweb.it/Spanish/tabelleESP.html (2016-01-26)
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  • DIETAWEB
    Manganese Selenium Magnesium Calcium Chrome Potassium Sodium Copper Iron Phosphor Molybdenum Iodine Zinc Boron

    Original URL path: http://www.dietaweb.it/English/minerali1E.html (2016-01-26)
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  • DIETAWEB
    almonds 234 mgr nuts 99 mgr lentils 79 mgr Chrome Chrome is the essential component for the tolerance factor to glucose This mechanism helps interaction between insulin and cells receptors The richer source of chrome is beer leaven Experimental mice with a chrome less diet show a serious diabetes but it is sufficient to restore chrome presence to make it disappear Its needing is 120 mcg day Potassium Potassium is the main cation in intracellular fluids Its role is fundamental in membrane electrical potential in the acid base equilibrium and in osmotic pressure It is essential in carbohydrates and in glycolysis enzymes metabolism necessary to ATP synthesis Our diet made of cooked or refined food is very poor of potassium Its shortage determines asthenia and cardiac arrhythmia After a cardiac failure recovery the diminished amount of myocardial potassium returns to normal values Adding potassium to hypertensive mice prolonged their life up to 8 months 32 years in human terms In addiction they are protected from dying by ictus From a study of the Minnesota University came that from adding 10 meq of potassium per day results an ictus incidence reduction of 40 It s been demonstrated that there is an increasing number of ictuses and infarcts in populations with a low rate of potassium in their diet The optimal needing is 6 g day Potassium is very common in nature but fertilization food cooking and sophistication reduce its cellular amount while a diet poor of fruits and vegetables reduces its introduction Sodium Sodium is an essential component of extra cellular fluids It performs important functions like the osmotic pressure maintenance furthermore it stops an excessive loss of liquids from the body In addition it regulates the muscles excitability and the membranes permeability Many populations use very limited quantity of salt 400 mg per day and even in advanced age they show an arterial pressure of 100 70 In the everyday diet we have an excess of sodium in a measure variable from 10 to 35 times the optimal amount per day This surplus increases peripheral resistances weight and the number of angiotensine II receptors and moreover to a reduction of capillaries size by 2 3 Recent studies show that a surplus of 100g of sodium determines an increase in systolic pressure of 1 2 mmHg and in diastolic of 0 7 mmHg One gram of sodium needs 270g of water for the tissue isotonic status to be preserved Today all agree on the fact that a surplus of sodium is a concomitant cause of renal lithiasis and osteoporosis It would be a good habit to maintain the daily consumption of sodium between 2g and 500 mg Copper Copper as trace mineral is present in every body tissue Copper sources are mussels integral cereals nuts beans potatoes liver other sources are pepper cocoa leaven It is an important part of many enzymes in our body The most important one is superoxide cytoplasmatic dismutase in which is associated to zinc Another one is ceruloplasmine Melatonine synthesis also depends upon an enzyme containing copper This element is involved in cholesterol insulin and prostaglandin metabolism It s absorbed mainly by stomach and carried to liver From this ceruloplasmine transports it to tissues Its expulsion go through biliary way The lack of copper determines late in growth anemia lack of pigments in hair and tissues Furthermore the immunity defenses are weakened Over 70 of copper is lost in flour refinement Recommended doses are for adults 2 mg day for kids 1 2 mg day It s toxic in great amounts An hereditary disease is connected with copper metabolism Wilson syndrome In this case liver is unable to eliminate copper from organism Copper accumulates in it causing cirrhosis Zinc and molybdenum are used to remove copper surplus Zinc and copper are in competition for being absorbed so an excess of the first may lead to copper shortage Iron Iron is an important trace mineral its is present in every cell usually combined with proteins A good source of this mineral is meat while vegetables are less rich in iron Food rich in C vitamin helps the iron absorption Food with highest amount of absorbable iron are meat liver oysters tuna salmon dry beans wholesome cereals Iron performs vital functions for it contributes in hemoglobin and myoglobin synthesis that transport oxygen in blood and muscles Iron is also part of numerous enzymes and proteins A partial iron deficiency is very common Symptoms of the deficiency are tiredness cephalalgia dyspnea Hazardous subjects are women in fertile age and during pregnancy Neonates have iron reserves for 6 months when born Milk has a low amount of iron and a milk anemia is described Risky group of peoples are vegetarians and long distance runners Ideal daily amount of iron are for adults 10 mgr day for women 15 mgr for women in pregnancy 30 mgr day for neonates 6 mgr day Intestinal hemorrhages are often due to iron deficiency In hemosiderosis there is an abnormal accumulation of iron in hemocromatosis there are alterations in iron absorption Iron plays a main role in the immunity system therefore its lacking make the body more liable to infections reduces the number of leucocytes and alters the antibody production Iron toxicity is very low its absorption is regulated at intestine level The higher the iron needing the higher its absorption Iron performs a pro oxidizing action and it was claimed its role in the oxidation process of the ldl Iron is vital to oxygen transport and the deposition of this in muscles and tissues is essential for fats metabolism It s also vital for energy production and for a good immunity system Iron deficiency causes asthenia low resistance to infections anemia Its surplus may lead to arteriosclerosis and heart failure Erythrocytes contains hemoglobin and every molecule of hemoglobin contains 4 atoms of iron Iron captures oxygen in lungs and releases it in tissues after this iron binds carbon oxide which is expelled through lungs

    Original URL path: http://www.dietaweb.it/English/minerali2E.html (2016-01-26)
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  • DIETAWEB
    VITAMIN B1 THIAMINE VITAMIN B2 RIBOFLAVIN VITAMIN B6 PIRIDOXINE VITAMIN PP NIACIN VITAMIN B12 COBALAMINA PANTOTHENIC ACID VITAMIN H BIOTIN VITAMIN C ASCORBIC ACID VITAMIN E TOCOPHEROL BETACAROTENE VITAMIN D

    Original URL path: http://www.dietaweb.it/English/vitamine1E.html (2016-01-26)
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  • DIETAWEB
    soo it reduces triglycerides cholesterol VLDL and LDL and by lowerin triglycerides it incresaes the level of HDL Niacin is very effective in prevention of diabetes of the 1st type for it protects beta pancreatic cells as nomerous studies had demonstrated In those suffering from ulcer and hepatic diseases high dosage of niacin must be avoided Niacin in foods Lamb liver 100g 6 6mg Cooked beef 100 g 10 5mg Swordfish 100g 11 8 mgr Roasted chicken 100 g 7 9mg Wheat germ a cup 7 8 mgr Beans a cup 3mg Molasses 100g 2 8mg Peanuts 100g 17 1 mgr Almonds 100g 3 5mg Dates 100 g 2 2mg Dry beer leaven 100g 37mg VITAMIN B12 OR COBALAMIN It can be found in traces in some animal foods A B12 low rate causes anemia like that deriving from folic acid insufficiency It takes part in the protein metabolism and also in that of fats and carbohydrates The daily needing is 3 mg If absent pernicious anemia irritability and depression may occur B 12 vitamin is necessary to obtain energy from foods for amino acids metabolism for growth The cells that are replicating themselves at high rate are those more needing this vitamin because it is useful to produce nucleic acid that forms DNA B12 is involved in myelin synthesis a substance that envelopes nerves B 12 deficiency is more frequent in old people patients diabetes of 1st type and those who suffer from thyroids disorders Deficiency of B12 causes pernicious anemia with symptoms of asthenia dyspnea cephalea irritability and also memory loss dementia and mental confusion Vitamin B12 helps the transformation of omocistein into methionine without B12 the transport of methylic group of folates does t happen Best sources of B12 are liver muscles fish eggs milk Daily needing vary from 100 to 500 mcg Vitamin B12 amount in foods Ox liver 100 g 108mcg Ox kidney 100g 50mcg Oysters 6 1 02mcg Egg 1 0 56 mcg Milk a cup 0 83mcg Steak 100g 2 11mcg Omelette 1 0 43mcg PANTOTHENIC ACID It is present in many types of nourishments It increases stress resistance participates in antibodies synthesis in fats proteins and carbohydrates metabolism Inside tissues it is transformed in co enzyme A Daily needing 7 mg Pantothenic acid is necessary for the release of energy from foods for cholesterol and fats metabolism for an effective immunity system and for nervous system Sources of this acid are beer leaven liver eggs wheat germ milk meat wholesome flours 50 of pantothenic acid is lost during the grinding process and great amounts are lost with preservation and cooking Pantothenic acid join the co enzyme A that increases fat oxidation The most important derivate of co enzyme A is acetyl co enzyme A the main product of many biosyntheses of crucial importance Suprarenal glands need pantothenic acid to synthesize cortisone furthermore this vitamin is essential for steroidal hormones and cholesterol In man was never found a deficiency of this vitamin while in animal it causes growth retard early greying It is considered an antistress vitamin Amount of pantothenic acid in foods Avocado 1 1 95mg Ox liver 100 g 6 5mg Ox kidney 100g 1 65 mgr Potato 1 roasted 0 87 mgr Oysters 6 1 06mg Orange 1 medium size 0 33mg Bran a cup 1 21 mgr Mushrooms a cup 1 46 mgr Broad beans a cup 0 76mg Milk a cup 0 73 mgr VITAMIN H OR BIOTIN It is very common in many foods Albumen of raw egg contains a substance the avigdine which destroys it Vitamin H joins the metabolism of fats carbohydrates and proteins Its shortage leads to a widespread dermatitis and its requirement is 300 mg day VITAMIN C OR ASCORBIC ACID It is a water soluble vitamin which our organism cannot synthesize Since water soluble it is to be considered a circulating anti oxidant substance Its anti oxidative action is strong In case of infarct cataract and arteriosclerosis its rate is very low Ascorbic acid drops two hydrogen atoms becoming de hydro ascorbic acid It regenerates oxidized vitamin E It s vital for teeth health for mucosa for cicatrisation and it s indispensable for collagen synthesis Scorbutus of the sailormen is caused by absence of vitamin C with gingival hemorrhages capillary fragility and asthenia It s recommended a daily amount of at least 100 mg Higher dosages are indicated in prevention and cure of cardiopathy tumor collagenopathy In every case the dosage must remain under 2 g day Every living being a part from humans guinea pigs and some primates synthesizes C vitamin from hexoses As anti oxidative C vitamin reduces LDL oxidation and its is essential for the growth and repairing of tissues it is necessary for synthesis of collagen cartilages bones Ascorbic acid is easily destroyed by the light oxygen heath and is dispersed in the boiling water when cooking Vegetables are to be eaten as they are or lightly boiled with few water C vitamin is rapidly eliminated from organism so it is better to divide the daily dosage in different meals In smokers are strongly advised high dosages of this vitamin because they have low rate of ascorbate in blood The main action of Vitamin C is to strengthen the immunity system High doses of vitamin C increase resistance to diseases as cancer and infections It stimulates linfocytes production increases the velocity of macrophages and the production of interferon Ascorbic acid lighten the influence symptoms and facilitate recovery Numerous studies were conducted on C vitamin and cancer the Nobel Pauling used high dosage of Vitamin C up to 12 g day obtaining a prolonging of the lifetime Ascorbic acid takes part in the cholesterol transformation into biliar salts hydroxilation so it is indespensable to elimination of cholesterol This vitamin is contained in great amount in the crystalline lens 20 times more than in the blood where it blocks the oxidation of the proteines and protect the eye from cataract

    Original URL path: http://www.dietaweb.it/English/vitamine2E.html (2016-01-26)
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